第八章   篮球裁判员专业英语简介

第一节   组织竞赛(organize the contest                     

1. International Basketball Federation(FIBA)  国际篮球联合会

2.Asian Basketball Confederation (ABC)     亚洲篮球联合会

3. Chinese Basketball Association (CBA)     中国篮球协会

4. China University Basketball Association (CUBA) 中国大学生篮球协会

5. organizing commission组织委员会

6. competition COmmission竞赛委员会

7. reception commission接待委员会

8. inforlnation commission   新闻委员会

9. board of appeal       仲裁委员会

10. referee' s committee    裁判委员会

11. technical commission    技术委员会

12. championship锦标赛

13 invitational tournament邀请赛

14. friendly match友谊赛

15. consolation match安慰赛

16. exhiibition competition表演赛

17. league basketball matches篮球联赛

18. contest竞赛

19. preliminary  contest预赛

20. semi - final半决赛

21. final contest 决赛

22. host country主办国

23. participator 参加者

24. regulation规程

25. programme秩序

26. schedule of play比赛日程

27. method of play比赛方法

28. game played比赛场数

29. wins胜场数

30. losses负场数

31 .single round- robin单循环

32. double round - robin双循环

33, group round - robin小组循环

34. elimination system淘汰制

35. draw lots抽签

36. first round第一轮

37. opening ceremony开幕式

38. closing ceremony闭幕式

39. prize - giving ceremony发奖式

40. cup奖杯

41. prize奖品

42. tournament result成绩册

43. total point总分

44. point积分

45. final score 最后比分

46. tie score 比分相等

47. wining team优胜队

48. losing team负队

49. decision of the game比赛胜负

50. goal average得失分率

51. final standing最终名次

52. announcement of result成绩公布

53. bulletin公报

54. champion冠军

55. runner - up亚军

56. third  place第三名

57. gold medal金牌

58. silver medal银牌

59. bronze medal铜牌

60. home - and - away game主客场比赛

61. regular season常规赛

62. playoff季后赛

63. drug test兴奋剂检测

64. physical test身体素质测验

第二节   场地和器材(court and equipment

1. basketball篮球

2. boundary  line界线

3. inside edge of the boundary  line界线的内沿

4. lane place line分位线

5. mid court中场

6.half  court半场

7. semi - circle 半圈

8. mid  point 中点

9. centre circle 中圈

l0. pressure  release ring 抗压篮圈

11. loop 环圈

12. bonder of the backboard 篮板边沿

13. used ball用过的球

14. new ball新球

15. substitute bench替补队员席

16. own basket本方球篮

17. opponent ' s basket对方球篮

18. lighted gadget发光装置

19. light unit灯光设置

第三节   裁判人员(official

1. official裁判人员

2. referee主裁判员(裁判员)

3. umpire副裁判员

4. the referee calling the decision做出宣判的裁判员

5. the other referee另一裁判员

6. tile active referee执行裁判员

7. the free referee配合裁判员

8. international referee (FIBA referee)  国际裁判员

9. national referee国家裁判员

10. referee of first category (class A ) ——级裁判员

11. referee of seemed category (class B) 二级裁判员

12. referee of third category  (class C) 三级裁判员

13. chief referee裁判长

第四节   球队(team

1. team球队

2. home team主队

3. guest team客队

4. attacking team进攻

5. defending team防守队

6. trainer训练员

7. starting line - up首发阵容

8. member成员

9. list of player队员名单

10. captain队长

11. player队员

12. basketballer  篮球运动员

13. fight forward右前锋

14. left forward左前峰

15. fight guard右后卫

16. left guard左后卫

17. centre pivot中锋

18. leading player主力队员

19. team - mate同队队员

20. opponent对方队员

21. offensive player进攻队员

22. defensive player防守队员

23. guarded player被防守着的队员

24. unguarded player无人防守的队员

25. the player with the ball有球队员

26. tbe player without the ball无球队员

27. a player who controls the ball控制球队员

28. a player who does not control the ball未控制球队员

29. shooter投篮队员

30. a player in the act of shooting做投篮动作的队员

31. free - thrower罚球队员

32. jumper跳球队

33. not - jumper跳球队

34. dribbler运球队员

35. the player raking the throw - in掷界外球队员

36. screener掩护队员

37. the pivot player策应队员

38. the player who is in the air腾空队员

39. injured player受伤队员

40. offending player犯规队员

41. chief of mission团长

42. team leader  领队

43. masseur男按摩师

44. masseuse女按摩师

第五节   裁判员工作方式与方法(way and method for referee 

1. rule规则

2. provision规定

3. article条文

4. penalty罚则

5. comment注解

6. principle原则

7. standard标准

8. duty职责

9, right权利

l0. power权力

11. the mechanic of officiating 裁判法

12. referee ' s manual   裁判员手册

13. mechanics and officiating technique  裁判方法和技巧

14.division of area    区域分工

15. co – operation   合作

16, communication联系\联络

17. inspect检查

18. approve核准

19. choose选择

20. observation观察

21. path途径

22. position位置

23. distance距离

24. angle角度

25. direction方向

26. vision  视野

27. move移动

28. judgment判断

29. decision宣判

30. penalize处罚

31. misjudge错判

32. indicate表明

33. designate 指定

34. official ' s signal裁判手势

35. procedure for substitution替换程序

36. procedure to follow in case of protest抗议程序

37. signal信号

38. forfeit弃权

39. warning警告

40.wait a minute等一会儿

41 .do not shout不要呼喊

42. time and place for decision宣判的时间和地点

43. calling of the foul宣判犯规

44. calling of the violation宣判违例

45. location of player and official队员和裁判员的位置

46. official disagree裁判员意见不同

47. approve the score批准记录

48. confirm the time that remain to be played确定比赛剩余时间

49. blowing the whistle鸣哨

50. administering penalty执行罚则

51. take place发生、举行

52. reprimand惩戒、谴责

53. signature签名

54. please raise hand请举手

55. bad toss抛球不好

56. exchange the baskets互换篮球

57. held ball争球

58.duty and power- of the captain队长的职责和权力

59.time- out in case of injury遇伤害事故中断比赛

60. player leave the court队员离场

61.throw-in at the mid-court中场掷界外球

62. free throw is successful罚球中篮

63. refusal to play拒绝比赛

64. calling foul procedure宣告犯规的程序

65. additional free throw追加罚球

66. banish  罚出场

67. double- referee system两人裁判制

68. three - referee system三人裁判制

69. excess time - out超过规定暂停次数

70. spot   场所

71. activity活动

72. introduce介绍

73. situation情况

74. consult商量

75. inform通知

76. report报告

77. decide决定

78. order命令

79. administer管理

80. dispose处置

81. collect收集

82. list of competitor比赛人员名单

83 .name and number of player队员姓名号码

84. exchange number  更换号码

85. choice of basket选择球篮

86. warm - up  准备活动

87. exercise练习

88. break ten minutes  休息10分钟

89. march in入场

90. march off退场

91. change court  交换场地

92. exchange of pennant交换队旗

93. come in进来

94. beckon招手

95. already two time - outs已经两次罚停

96. official ' s time - out裁判员暂停

97. time is up  时间到

98. unfair不公平的

99. fair公平的

100. missed shot投篮未中

101. mistake失误

102. protest抗议

103. appeal上诉

104. give me the ball给我球

105. ball side球侧

106. opposite side对侧

107. strong side强侧

108.weak side弱侧

109. switch转换

110. rotation轮换

111. floor position 场上站位

第六节   比赛与定义(game and definition

1. game比赛

2. difinition定义

3. playing time比赛时间

4. first period1

5. second period  2

6. third period3

7. fourth period4

8. interval of play比赛休息时间

9. extra period决胜期

I0. beginning of game  比赛开始

11. time in时间开始

12. time out时间暂停

13.stop the clock停表

14. suspension of play中断比赛

15. delay the game拖延比赛

16. expiration of playing time比赛时间终了

17.end of playing time比赛时间结束

18. end of game比赛结束

19.status of the ball球的状态

20. ball become alive球成活球

21. live ball活球

22. ball become dead球成死球

23. dead ball死球

24. dead ball period死球期间

25. possession of the ball球权

26. control of the ball控制球

27. a player is in control of the ball  队员控制球

28. a team is in control of the ball球队控制球

29. travel rule带球走规则

30. dribbling rule  运球规则

31. tap the ball拍球

32. throw - in from out - of - bound掷界外球

33. player out - of - bound队员出界

34. ball out - of- bound球出界

35. shot投篮

36. continuous movement连续运动(动作)

37. a goal is made中篮

38. a field goal投中、投篮

39. a goal from the field投球中篮

40. no free throw不罚球

41. last free throw最后一次罚球

42.a goal from a free throw罚球中篮

43. infraction违犯、违法

44. contact接触

45. personal contact身体接触

46. acceptable contact  可接受的接触

47. legal guarding position合法的防守位置

48. the principle of verticality垂直原则

49. guarding a player who does not control the ball防守未控制球的队员

50. guarding a player who controls the ball防守控制球的队员

51 .guarding from the rear从背后防守

52. correctable error能纠正的失误

第七节          违例(violation

1. double dribble两次运球

2. progressing with the ball持球移动、带球行进

3. jump ball violation  跳球违例

4. free throw violation罚球违例

5. violation of player who is to attempt free throw罚球的队员违例

6. the ball accidentally enters the basket from below球意外地从篮圈下面进入

7. the ball lodge in the basket support球停在篮圈支颈上

8. three - second violation3秒违例

9. five - second violation5秒违例

10. eight - second violation8秒违例

11. twenty - four second violation 24秒违例

12illegal dribble非法运球

13vio1ation during jumpball跳球违例

14violation On OutOfbound play  掷界外球违例

第八节   犯规(foul

1personal foul侵入犯规

2trip绊人

3five fouls 5次犯规

4technical foul during interval of play  比赛休息时间内的技术犯规

5foul in special situations特殊情况下的犯规

6unsportsmanlike conduct不道德的行为

7profane language不尊敬的语言

8obstructed vision妨碍视线

9the foul  by the coach教练员犯规

10the foul by the player队员犯规

11The foul by the  substitute  替补队员犯规 

12a ct of violence粗暴行为

13screen foul掩护犯规

第九节    基本技术(basic skills

1.pass传球

2long pass长传

3short pass短传

4catch a ball接住球

5backboard recovery抢篮板球

6interception抢断球

7throw for a goal投篮

8action shot行进间投篮

9long shot远投

10follow- up shot补篮

11tap - in拍球人篮

12break突破

13cut切人

14trail跟进

15slide滑步

16stride跨步

17cross - over step交叉步

18instant stop急停

19turn转身

20feint假动作

21change of direction改变方向

22change of pace变换速度

23. assist助攻

24. bank shot擦板投篮

25. blocking a shot盖帽

26. get loose摆脱防守

27. clever pass妙传

28. double stop两步急停

29. jump stop跳步急停

30. face guarding面对面盯人防守

31.fake a shot投篮假动作

32. guarding distance防守距离

33. mini - basketball小篮球(运动)

34. miss pass传球失误

35. passing on the run行进间传球

36. take off起动

37. waste motion多余动作

第十节   基本战术(basic tactics

1. fast break快攻

2. position阵地战

3. alternating attack交叉进攻

4. pattern attack固定配合进攻

5. back screen后掩护

6. stationary screen定位掩护

7. dribble screen运球掩护

8. control game控制球战术

9. delay tactic拖延时间战术

10.foul - baiting tactic犯规战术

11. man - to - man defence人盯人防守

12. zone   defence  区域防守

13. combination  defence混合防守

14. half - court press半场紧逼

15. full - court press全场紧逼

16. fill in补防

17. shut the gate关门

18. two - on - one play二打的配合

第十一节   篮球比赛宣告员用词(中英文对照)

(以第28届奥运会篮球比赛为例)

1.       Please both sides players stop exercise and ready for matching in.

请双方运动员停止练习,准备入场。

2. The 28 th Olympic Games Men's (Women's) basketball competition team A versus team B now begins.

28届奥运会男(女)篮球比赛A队对B队的比赛现在开始。

3. Introduce the players, the coaches and the officials.

介绍运动员、教练员和裁判员。

4.Team A , player NO 4 X 。。。。。。。NO 15 Y.

A队运动员4X。。。。。。。15Y

5. Coach Z ,  Assistant P.

教练员Z,助理教练员P

6.Team B , player NO 4 L。。。。。。。。NO 15 M.

B队运动员4L15M

7. Coach N , Assistant Coach O

教练员N,助理教练员O

8. The referee is C international grade from D. The umpire is E interna-tional grade from F.

担任本场比赛的主裁判员C,国际级,D,副裁判员E,国际级,F

    注:  上述DF均表示该裁判员的国籍。

9. Three minutes more.

距离比赛开始还有3分钟。

10.The second pedcd is over, break fifteen minutes.

第二节比赛结束,休息15分钟。

1 1. Time out by G , Substitution by H.

G队请求暂停。H队要求换人,

12.Time is up.

暂停时间到。

13.No.6 five fouls.

6号队员5次犯规。

14.Team I has already two time outs.

I队已经两次暂停。

15.This morning (This afternoon, This evening) matches are over, good bye.

今天上午(下午、晚上)的比赛全部结束,再见!

16. Now the match has been on for ten minutes already.

现在比赛已进行了10分钟。

17. Now there are five minutes left.

还剩5分钟。

18.Now the score is thirty to twenty five.

现在场上比分3025;,

19.Team J is leading.

J队领先。

20. The winning team is K.

K队获胜。